Common questions about heart worm

The common questions about heart worm are often related to the

species affected by heart worms in addition to the dogs. One

should know that in addition to dogs, the cat, fox, wolf,

horse, sea lion etc. are also affected. Can this be cured

or not? Yes. This can be treated.

What is the drug used often for the prevention of heart worm in

dogs? Ivermectin is the drug used often to have preventive

actions for these heart worms. Dogs affected reveal constant

coughing, panting and dullness in many occasions.

What will be the size of the worms? In the case of the females, it is about twenty-seven centimeters and in the case of males, it is about seventeen centimeters in length. Is there any vector involve in

the transmission of the disease? Yes. Mosquitoes often get associated as vectors in which the early development of larvae of heart worms occur in them.

Is the prophylaxis meant only for heart worms or others also?

The prophylaxis is meant not only for the heart worms but also

for the hook worms, whip worms, and round worms. What is the

infective type of larvae that is associated with the transmission

of these heart worms? The third stage larva that is transmitted by

the mosquito bites.

This occurs through out the world. In some areas, the incidences

are less in colder months in which the mosquito breeding will not

be there and may be dormant during these periods. What is the name of

the drug used for therapy and prevention? Ivermectin and

milbemycin oxime may be used for both purposes. Ivermectin is

available in injection form and oral form.

Additionally, the forms for external application are also

available. The cost factor needs to be worked out for all these

treatments. What is the frequency of drug used for prophylaxis?

One month before the mosquito season and up to two months after the

mosquito season, ivermectin or milbemycin oxime may be given

once monthly for the prophylaxis. Diethylcarbamazine may be used


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